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Smoking and Health
What’s in Tobacco Smoke
Tobacco smoke is made up of over 7000 chemical compounds, including 70 known carcinogens, such as formaldehyde, total oxidized nitrogen, hydrogen cyanide, cadmium and other heavy metals.
Passive smoking is the inhalation of side-stream tobacco smoke produced by other people who actively smoke near us. This includes but is not limited to, cigarettes, rolled cigarettes, cigars, pipes and water-pipe smoking but also from novel products such as electronic cigarettes.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), tobacco causes over 6 million premature deaths every year. It is estimated that it causes 71% of lung cancers, 42% of chronic respiratory diseases and 10% of cardiovascular diseases making it the single most important preventable cause of disease.
Smoking and Pregnancy
Smoking causes complications during pregnancy and childbirth as well as adverse health outcomes of neonates and children. Smoking during pregnancy increases incidence of placenta previa, abruptio placentae, ectopic pregnancy and premature rupture of the membranes and preterm labour.
Smoking and Public Health
According to the World Health Organization smoking is classified as a disease in the International Classification of Disease-10 and is considered the biggest epidemic of our time. Smoking causes cardiovascular disease, cancers and COPD, which are among the top 10 causes of death among high-income countries, including Greece.
Economic Burden of Smoking
According to World Bank, the cost of smoking-related health care is between 0.1 -1.1% of the country’s GDP. In 2016, Greece’s GDP was 288 418 million $US. It is therefore estimated that ~288 -3,172 million US dollars are spent every year on healthcare costs of diseases related to smoking in Greece.